v3.8.0.1
Document and Entity Information - shares
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
May 08, 2018
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1  
Trading Symbol LUNA  
Entity Registrant Name LUNA INNOVATIONS INC  
Entity Central Index Key 0001239819  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Filer Category Smaller Reporting Company  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   27,323,424